Quota Study

Project leader

Funding source

Other European Programmes

Project Details

Start date: 10/12/2007
Funding: 57200 EUR


The project consists in the elaboration, delivery and presentation to the European Parliament of a study on “Electoral gender quota systems and their implementation in Europe”. The project will be implemented in cooperation between International IDEA and Stockholm University (SU) taking into account the fact that the two institutions have had a an established and successful cooperation on the subject of gender quota systems (Memorandum of Understanding of 19th May 2006). International IDEA and SU have jointly produced a series of quota studies, reflecting their respective expertise on the subject. Through their joint project on quota research, they are building comparative knowledge and an online resource in the form of the quota database. (www.quotaproject.org). This database offers a comprehensive overview of the implementation and impact of quotas for women in politics by providing information on the various types of quotas in existence today, detailing the percentages and set targets in countries where they are applicable. The database is intended as a working research tool and is frequently used by political parties, women lobbyists, academics, NGOs etc. Based on their expertise acquired through the above project, IDEA and SU were awarded the project tendered by the EU Parliament “Electoral gender quote systems and their implementation in Europe”. The project consists of an updated overview of quota policies in EU member states. This overview will include a mapping of which quota type have been adopted, and what level of elections they target (national, regional, local, EU-parliament). Furthermore, it will be illustrated what rank order rules they imply as well as which sanctions for non-compliance are applied. In-depth studies will be conducted on the quota systems in Belgium, France and Germany (mandatory countries) as well as Poland, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the UK. These case-studies will: - Include an analysis of the electoral system in use, type of quota provision that has been adopted and what it contains, quota campaigns and dominant arguments used in favour/or against the implementation of quotas; - an analysis of the implementation of quotas in the respective countries; - an analysis on the adoption of quota policies for elections on local, national and regional level; - It will look to the European Parliament, assessing the gap of women’s political representation at the national legislature vis-à-vis the representation in the European Parliament - Based on analyses of electoral statistics supplemented with interviews with party leaderships and parliamentarians, the case-studies will also include an analysis of the candidate selection and the nomination process at the various levels at which quotas have been introduced for the last two elections, as well as a discussion on the internal party quotas that many parties have introduced. - Furthermore, the study will examine to what extent the under-representation of women coming from ethnic minorities as well as immigrant women is identified as a problem at national level and what actions and measures have been introduced to address this issue in the respective countries - The study will assess which variables facilitate or undermine changes in the numerical representation of women and why some quotas are more successful than others - Based on the findings, the study will develop recommendations on measures to improve the equality of women and men in society, politics and economics in the European Union member states.

Last updated on 2018-11-09 at 15:46