Transnational Actors and Global Environmental Governance: Legitimacy and Effectiveness in the UNEP

Project leader

Funding source

Formas - The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning

Project Details

Start date: 01/01/2007
End date: 31/12/2009
Funding: 1700000 SEK


Over the last two decades, states have increasingly created mechanisms for transnational actors to participate in global environmental policy-making. Today, NGOs, multinational corporations, grass-root movements, and expert groups contribute to the formation, implementation, and monitoring of policy for sustainable development. The purpose in this project is to explore the sources and effects of this development. Why do national governments, which previously enjoyed a monopoly on influence in international environmental organizations, delegate power to transnational actors? What are the consequences of this development for the democratic legitimacy and problem-solving capacity of the organizations? This is a topic that so far has received limited attention in existing literature. The project addresses the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and the development since 1972 of its procedures for collaboration with transnational actors. The project generates conclusions about the value of involving transnational actors for the democratic legitimacy of governance systems and their capacity to effectively address global environmental problems.

Last updated on 2017-24-03 at 12:58