Flexible working hours and their effect on health, well-being and job related outcomes: a win-win situation för both employers and employees?

Project leader

Funding source

Forte - Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare

Project Details

Start date: 01/01/2014
End date: 31/12/2016
Funding: 2755000 SEK


Flexible working time is becoming increasingly common as organisations seek to satisfy employees' desires to combine work and private life, while maintaining high productivity. One way to increase flexibility is to increase work time control (WTC). This means allowing people to influence their hours of work, e.g. by giving them influence over the start- and end-times of their working day, or when they take breaks and days off. The study will investigate the impact of various aspects of WTC on health, well-being and job related outcomes (work satisfaction, turnover intention, retirement) over time. We will also study whether satisfaction with one's work schedule influences work satisfaction, turnover intention and health. Both questionnaire and registry data will be used. The analyses will be based on data from the SLOSH (Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health) and RN4CAST studies. SLOSH is a national survey following all respondents to the Swedish Work Environment Surveys of 2003 and 2005. The sample of 18915 individuals is representative of the Swedish population. The survey contains questions about the participants' work environment, work hours, health and social circumstances. WTC is measured using a well-established set of questions that have been used in previous international studies. Health is measured by well-established questionnaires, as well by examining sickness absence data from the National Health Insurance Agency and data from the prescribed drugs registry. RN4CAST comprises survey data from 33659 registered nurses from 488 hospitals in 12 European countries. These data will be used to examine how satisfaction with work schedule influences health and general work satisfaction. The project will identify who benefits most from WTC and under which circumstances, and who gains little or no benefit. The results may be of great practical importance for optimizing working hours to suit individual needs while also maintaining efficient production.

Last updated on 2017-24-03 at 12:57