Losers and winners in the labor market - Longitudinal studies of how childhood conditions and intergenerational transfers are related to young adults' conditions and choices in the labor market.

Project leader

Funding source

Forte - Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare

Project Details

Start date: 01/01/2014
End date: 31/12/2016
Funding: 3310000 SEK


Social background and educational attainment account for a vital part of the social stratification in the labour market. However, a substantial part remains unexplained. The purpose of the project is to fill this gap by studying the association between living conditions reported in childhood and labour market outcomes, unemployment and economic vulnerability in young adulthood. This is done by analyzing a) how individuals' living conditions, personality traits (e.g., self-esteem, self-discipline and emotional stability), and access to social and cultural resources in childhood are related to labour market outcomes, b) the extent to which these conditions in childhood may explain stratification by gender and social background in the labour market, c) the extent to which variations in personality traits and access to social and cultural resources in childhood can prevent the transfer of economic vulnerability across generations. Young adults' labour market outcomes will be studied in the form of wages, occupational prestige, choice of occupation and unemployment and /or economic vulnerability.

A prerequisite for fulfilling this purpose is access to longitudinal information on respondents’ living conditions both in childhood and adulthood, but also to longitudinal information on their parents. With the Level of Living Survey (LNU2010) extension of 20-28-year-olds, who also were interviewed as children in LNU2000, it is possible to follow educational attainment, unemployment, and early job careers of children to LNU respondents. It is also possible to combine information from Child-LNU 2000 on the respondents’ personality traits with data on their parents’ living conditions in 2000 and on personality traits in 2010. The project will provide new knowledge about how specific living conditions, social and cultural resources, personality traits, and transfers between parents and children during childhood are related to labour market outcomes in adulthood.

Last updated on 2017-20-04 at 08:22