Fördelning av föräldraledighet och förvärvsarbete i heterosexuella och kvinnliga samkönade par. Vilken betydelse har specialisering, genus och arbetsgivares agerande för löneutvecklingen?

Project leader

Funding source

Forte - Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare

Project Details

Start date: 01/01/2015
End date: 31/12/2017
Funding: 3080000 SEK


This project focuses on the transition to parenthood as a critical juncture in producing gender inequalities in the labor market. Women’s and men’s work and wage careers develop in a similar manner until the couple has children. After this, women’s wage development and career lag behind those of men. We study the transition to parenthood in different couple relationships and from different perspectives in order to increase our understanding of the mechanisms that sustain gender inequalities in the home and in the labor market. We ask how the formation of motherhood and fatherhood identities interacts with biology and the social construction of gender to produce a division of paid work and care work in families. We compare the division of work for recent parents in same-sex couples (SSC) to those in heterosexual couples (HSC), when the two groups of parents are matched on important characteristics. Given similar background as well as partner characteristics, are individuals in HSC more likely to specialize in paid work and care work than individuals in SSC are? We also study how the division of work influences women’s and men’s wage outcomes (incl. a comparison of non-biological and biological mothers) in an attempt to unravel potential employers’ discrimination. A third part of the project contributes to our understanding of the seldom studied leave to care for a sick child, which is negatively associated with wage growth. We analyse whether such leave signals a lower work commitment to employers or whether it should be interpreted as an indication of an unequal division of work within the family (or partner specialization), which may affect employees’ efforts at work. This project is important from a policy perspective as well as from a gender equality perspective. Mapping gendered and career related consequences of care taking, as well as obstacles to truly shared parenting, is vital in a society that aims to secure children’s rights to both of their parents.

Last updated on 2017-01-06 at 11:07