Gender differences in economic resources, health and
mortality – the importance of social comparisons, preferences and
relative deprivation

Project leader

Funding source

Riksbankens Jubileumsfond (RJ)

Project Details

Start date: 01/01/2010
Funding: 2000000 SEK


Economic resources is of great importance for health and mortality, however the relation is different for men and women. Despite a huge focus on the income and health relation during the last decades, the mechanisms behind this gender difference are still largely unknown. The purpose with the following project is to analyse how social comparisons, preferences and relative deprivation influence health and mortality for men and women during different stages in the life cycle. Combining the focus on gender difference with a life cycle perspective provide better possibilities to understand the underlying mechanisms. The first part of the project aims to study the relation between relative deprivation and self-rated health and mortality, where relative deprivation is measured as the sum of difference in incomes between the individual and all individuals with a higher income in the individual’s reference group. These results will be compared with previous studies from Japan, where they find an effect of relative deprivation on health. The other part of the project aims to study gender differences in social comparisons and preferences, and the relation to health. These analyses will be based on new data on processes of comparisons, providing a better understanding on how economic resources affect the health of men and women.

Last updated on 2017-29-03 at 17:13