Hooliganism: An Economic Analysis

Project leader

Funding source

Swedish Research Council - Vetenskapsrådet (VR)

Project Details

Start date: 15/04/2007
End date: 15/04/2010
Funding: 1800000 SEK


This project aims at understanding the motivations of hooligans and how societies can reduce group violence. To do this, we use unique data from the Swedish National Police Force, the Swedish Football Association, and the violent supporter club “Firman Boys”. The first part of the project aims at understanding the causal effect of policing on group violence. Preliminary results show that Stockholm-related hooligan violence was increased when the Supporter police in Stockholm was reallocated due to two catastrophes. This project adds in several respects to a recent prominent economics literature. We are for example the first to study how policing affect group violence and using the fact that the catastrophes took place outside Sweden’s borders. The second part studies the motivations of hooligans using unique data and economics methods. What role do frustration, excitement, addiction, physical pain, weather and unemployment play? Preliminary averages show for example that hooligans become more violent if the players of the own team receive warnings and red cards and if the home team loses. This indicates that frustration matters. Even though these issues are novel to economics, scholars in other social sciences such as psychology, sociology and criminology have addressed some of these issues for example by doing field experiments and experiments in the laboratory. The project will therefore contribute to economics as well as to other social sciences.

Last updated on 2017-31-03 at 12:58