Flood Resilience in Slums: Community-Responsive Adaptation in Kibera, Nairobi

Funding source

Swedish Research Council - Vetenskapsrådet (VR)

Project Details

Start date: 01/12/2016
End date: 31/12/2018
Funding: 5616000 SEK


A large and growing number of the world’s population live in slums, where the twin trajectories of rapid urbanisation and increased flooding driven by climate change collide. Top-down policies designed to reduce flood risk in informal settlements have to date been largely unsuccessful, yet many of the vulnerabilities faced by slum-dwellers cannot be addressed by local action alone. Many observers posit that a fundamentally important part of the solution is to integrate government and community resilience initiatives, an approach we call “Community-Responsive Adaptation”. However, real-world examples of this type of integration are scarce, and have not been systematically evaluated, either in terms of cost, or impact. In this study, we partner with an award-winning non-governmental organization, Kounkuey Design Initiative, and with slum residents and local government, to co-design, build and evaluate three integrated adaptation projects in Kibera, Nairobi. To evaluate the effects of the projects, we will carry out a 6-wave household survey across 1500 households in high flood-risk zones, and compare flood damages and other measures of welfare in households with the same baseline flood risk in treatment sites, and at comparable control sites. Finally, we will collect and analyze qualitative data to help understand the mechanisms behind success or failure of the package of interventions.

Last updated on 2017-06-10 at 09:04